What is inhalation sedation (nitrous oxide) ?

In inhalation sedation, we sedate the patients by asking them to inhale nitrous oxide and oxygen gas mixture through a mask device. This is a light type of sedation. It is a blend breathed into a nosepiece of nitrous oxide and oxygen. It encourages the child to feel comfortable and welcome therapy.

What are the benefits of inhalation sedation

  • Works very rapidly
  • No "hangover" effect
  • Faster recovery
  • Easy to administer
  • No needles required

How will I feel during inhalation sedation?

The effects of nitrous oxide would be similar to the consumption of one to five beers.
1-5 Beers = nitrous oxide sedation.

What is the nitrous oxide mechanism of action?

Intriguingly, N2O's exact mechanism of action is still unclear (there seem to be quite a few distinct mechanisms at work)! However, it has been noted that N2O depresses almost all types of sensation, specifically hearing, touch, and pain. It decreases anxiety, as well. It only minimally impairs the capacity to focus, execute intelligent actions, and short term memory.Providing details about your medications (including supplements), medical history, habits like alcohol or smoking to your dentist is crucial. All these factors would alter your response to sedation medication. Based on your medical history, medications, preferences (cultural or personal), and treatment needed, your dentist would advise you on appropriate sedation techniques without any judgment.

When is inhalation sedation not recommended?

Inhalation sedation is not recommended in the following conditions –
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
  • Current respiratory tract infections.
  • Recent middle ear disturbance/surgery.
  • Severe emotional disturbances or mental health issues
  • Drug-related dependencies
  • The first trimester of pregnancy
  • Cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency

What precautions to take for inhalation sedation?

Nitrous oxide sedation requires minimal preparation before administration. Recovery is also immediate for nitrous oxide sedation.

Will I feel high with inhalation sedation?

You might feel euphoric within two to three minutes of inhaling the nitrous oxide, maybe a few giggles too.

What does inhalation sedation contain?

Inhalation sedation comprises a nosepiece. The nosepiece releases a blend of nitrous oxide and oxygen gases.

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