Periodontal Diseases: Relation with Gender & Age

What is the role of gum diseases in men?

Research has shown that periodontal disease is higher in males with a percentage of 56.4 when compared to females with a percentage of 38.4. This means that out of every 10 male adults 5 are affected with gum diseases.

Are women more prone to gum diseases?

Women may also be more vulnerable to periodontal disease during puberty and pregnancy, likely linked to a rise in sex hormones, progesterone, and estrogen. Women are often at greater risk of menopause because the mouth appears to become dryer, which can lead to gum disease as well as other oral diseases.

Why should pregnant women be concerned about periodontitis?

If a pregnant woman has periodontal disease, they are more likely to have a child born too early and too small. However, more research is needed to prove this. Any kind of infection may pose a risk to the health of the baby, so it is a major concern to pregnant to avoid contracting any infection. Experts advise pregnant women to have periodical gum evaluation to avoid any kind of risks.

What are the signs of gum diseases in children?

Common signs of periodontal diseases in children are bleeding gums, bad breath, puffiness (swollen and red) of gums, and gums receding away from teeth.

What are the types of gum diseases seen in children?

The common types of gum diseases seen in children are - chronic gingivitis and aggressive periodontitis.
• Chronic gingivitis is normal in infants. Normally, it causes the gum tissue to swell, to turn red, and to bleed easily.
• Aggressive periodontitis may affect otherwise healthy young people. It is marked by a significant loss of alveolar bone and, ironically, patients usually have very little dental plaque or calculus. It can be localized aggressive periodontitis or generalized aggressive periodontitis. Localized aggressive periodontitis affects molars and incisor, whereas generalized affects the entire mouth.

Is the incidence of gum disease associated with age?

As per new reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of Americans aged 30 years or older have periodontitis, the more advanced type of periodontal disease. However, gum disease can occur at any age.

What is menstruation gingivitis?

Menstruation gingivitis is a condition in which women may have bleeding gums, bright red and swollen gums, and sores on the inside of the cheek. Menstruation gingivitis normally happens just before the time of a woman’s periods and clears up once her cycle starts.

How can parents take care of their child’s gum health?

The most effective preventive measure against periodontal disease is to develop good oral health habits for children. There are basic preventive measures to help your child maintain good oral health:
• Establish good oral hygiene habits early on. When your child is 12 months old, start using toothpaste when you brush his or her teeth. It's necessary to start flossing when the gap between your child's teeth closes.
• Be a positive role model by maintaining good oral hygiene habits.
• Schedule routine dental appointments for family examinations, periodontal examination, and cleaning.
• Check the child's mouth for symptoms of periodontal disease, like bleeding gums, swollen and red gums, gums moving away from the teeth, and bad breath.

How are gum diseases and prostate health-related?

Research has found that men with periodontal disease symptoms such as red, swollen, or sore gums and prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) have higher PSA levels than men with only one of the diseases. PSA is the enzyme produced by the prostate gland, usually, produced in small amounts. This means that prostate health can be correlated with periodontal health and vice versa.

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